Modeling and optimization of experimental parameters in the treatment of effluents by coagulation-flocculation processes: Methodology of experimental design

Authors

  • Hanane hanane Arroub MAROC
  • Ahmed El Harfi Laboratory of Agro Resources, Polymers and Process Engineering (LAPPE). Unit of Organic Chemistry & Polymers (UOCP) Department of Chemistry Faculty of Sciences- Ibn Tofail University BP 133 14000-Kenitra, Morocco

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.13171/mjc731810310-arroub

Abstract

The objective of this study is to determine the optimal conditions of the operational parameters: type of flocculant (chitosan(s) and ferrocryl®8723), dose of flocculant (0.1g/L at 0.5g/L) and pH (6 to 9) in the treatment of hot dip galvanizing effluents using coagulation/flocculation processes. The optimization of these parameters is done by the methodology of experimental design which allowed us to predict the optimal conditions. The concerned results, especially the theoretical operating parameters, allowed us to give a better reduction of the TSS, BOD5 and COD in the optimal conditions namely: the pH of about 9, the type of flocculant is chitosan(s) with a dose of 0.2g/L.

Author Biography

Hanane hanane Arroub, MAROC

Laboratory of Agro Resources, Polymers and Process Engineering (LAPPE).Unit of Organic Chemistry & Polymers (UOCP)Department of ChemistryFaculty of Sciences- Ibn Tofail UniversityBP 133 14000-Kenitra, Morocco

References

- A. Cassano, C. Conidi, and E. Drioli, Water Research, 2011, 45, 3197-3204.

- S. Collado, A. Laca and M. Diaz, Journal of Environmental Management, 2012, 102, 65-70.

- A. Mittal, D. Kaur and J. Mittal, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2009, 163, (2-3), 568-577.

- A.Giannis, M. Kalaitzakis and E. Diamadopoulos, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology,

, 82, 663-671.

- H. Arroub, A. Elharfi, Moroccan Journal of Chemistry, 2015, (3-3), 525-530.

- M. Plattes, A.Bertrand, B.Schmitt, J.Sinner, F.Verstraeten, J.Welfring. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2007, 148, 613-615.

- M. Allali-Hassani, O. Dusart, M. Mazet. Water Research,1990,24, 699-708.

- R. L. Valladares, V.Y. Quintanilla, Z. Li, G. Amy.Water.Research, 2011, 45, 6737-6744.

- R. A. Damodar, K. Jagannathan, T. Swaminathan. Solar Energy, 2007, 81, 1-7.

- H.Arroub, A.Essamri, A.EL Harfi, Arabian Journal of Chemical and Environmental Research, 2016, 3, 11-19.

- H.Arroub, A.Elharfi, International Journal of Chem Tech Research, 2018, 11(03), 334-341.

- J. Labanda, J. Llorens, Chemical Engineering and Processing, 2008, 47,1061-1068.

- M. I. Aguilar, J. Saez, M. Loriens, A. Soler, J. F. Ortuno, Water Research, 2003, 37, 2233-2241.

- S.Y.Liu, C.J.Sydenham, P.H.Selle. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2016, 220, 46-56.

- L.Carraro, B.Corre, C.Helbert, O.Roustant, Review of Statistics and Its Application, 2005, 53, 3, 87-103.

- L.Tirand, T.Bastogne, D.Bechet, M.Linder, N.Thomas, C.Frochot, M.Barberi-Heyob, International

Journal of Radiation Oncology • Biology • Physics, 2009, 75, 1, 244-252.

- A.Vasiee, B.A.Behbahani, F.T.Yazdi, S.Moradi, Microbial Pathogenesis, 2016, 101, 36-43.

- Bulletin officiel n° 5833 du 12 joumada 11431 26 avril 2010.

- A. Kucukgulmez, M. Celik, Y. Yanar, D. Sen, H. Polat, A. E. Kadak, Food Chem, 2011, 126, 1144-1148.

- H. El Knidri, R. El Khalfaouy, A. Laajeb, A. Addaou, A. Lahsini, Process Safety and Environmental

Protection, 2016, 104, 395-405.

- M.H. Mohammed, P.A.Williams, O.Tverezovskaya, Food Hydrocolloids, 2013, 166-171.

- A.I.Ruiz-Matute, A.Cardelle-Cobas, A.B.García-Bermejo, A.Montilla, A.Olano, N.Corzo, Food

Hydrocolloids, 2013, 33, 245-255.

- O.Ghorbel-Bellaaj S.Hajji, I.Younes, M.Chaabouni, M.Nasri, K.Jellouli, International Journal of

Biological Macromolecules, 2013, 61, 243-250.

- P.G.González, T.Hernández-Quiroz, L.GarcíaGonzález, Fuel Processing Technology, 2014,

, 133-139.

- M. H. R. Khudhair, A. Elharfi, Applied Journal of Environmental Engineering Science, 2017, 3,4, 428-442

- M.Y.Noordin, V.C.Venkatesh, S.Sharif, S.Elting, A.Abdullah, Journal of Materials Processing

Technology, 2004, 145, 1, 46-58.

- O. Larkeche, A. Zermane, A. H. Meniai, C. Crampon, E. Badens, Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 2015, 99, 8-14.

- M.A. Shayanfar, M.A. Barkhordari, M.A. Roudak, Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical

Simulation, 2017, 47, 223-237.

- T. Sovány, Z. Tislér,K. Kristó, A. Kelemen, G. Regdon, European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, 2016, 106, 79-87.

- M. Linder, N. Kochanowski, J. Fanni, M. Parmentier, Process Biochemistry, 2005, 40, 1, 273-279.

- M. Berradi, A. El Harfi, Morocan Journal of Chemistry, 2015, (3-1), 142-146.

Published

2018-10-03

Issue

Section

Organic Chemistry