Adsorption and Desorption Behavior of Herbicide Mefenpyr-diethyl in the Agricultural Soils of Morocco


  • Abdellah El Boukili Mohammed V University in Rabat, LPCMIO, ENS, Rabat, Morocco
  • Nidae Loudiyi Faculty of sciences, University Mohammed V, Av. Ibn Battouta, BP 1014, Rabat, Morocco
  • Ahmed El Bazaoui Faculty of Sciences, University Ibn Tofail, LGB, BP, 133, 14000 Kenitra, Morocco
  • Abderrahim El Hourch Faculty of sciences, University Mohammed V, Av. Ibn Battouta, BP 1014, Rabat, Morocco
  • M'Hamed Taibi Mohammed V University in Rabat, LPCMIO, ENS, Rabat, Morocco
  • Abderrahman EL Boukili University Ibn Tofail, Sciences de l’ingénieur et Modélisation, BP, 133, 14000 Kenitra, Morocco



The present study was conducted in order to investigate the adsorption and desorption behavior of Mefenpyr-diethyl (MFD) using the batch equilibration technique in four soils, with different ranges of organic matter content, from different regions of Morocco orders of Benimellal (Soil 1), Settat (Soil 2), Sidi Bettach (Soil 3) and EL Hajeb (Soil 4). The adsorption isotherm models Langmuir, linear and Freundlich were used to compare the adsorption capacity of the soils. The results indicated that the Freundlich equation provided the best fit for all adsorption data. The values of KF and Kd ranged from 4.45 to 15.9 and 4.30 to 18.30 , respectively. The calculated total percentage of desorption values from the Soil 1, Soil 2, Soil 3 and Soil 4 after the four desorption process were 59 %; 55,6 %; 37,5 % and 52,5%, respectively. Highest adsorption and desorption were observed in soil 1, and the lowest was in soil 3. According to the adsorption and desorption results, organic matter and clay seemed to be the most important factors influencing the adsorption capacity of MFD.


- M. K. Kettles, S. R. Browning, T. S. Prince and S. W. Horstman, Environ Health Perspect, 1997, 105, 1222-1227.

- M. Arias-Estévez, E. López-Periago, E. Martínez-Carballo, J. Simal-Gándara, J. C. Mejuto, et al., Agr. Ecosyst Environ, 2008, 123, 247-260.

- L. Cox, R. Celis, M. C. Hermosín, J. Cornejo, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 93-99.

- Caroline Cox, A new list of carcinogenic pesticides used in food, Journal of Pesticide Reform, 1992, 12, No. 4, Winter 1992, pp. 28.

- E. Hacker, H. Bieringer, L. Willms, W. Rosch, H. Kocher and R. Wolf, Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection,2000, 493-500.

- A. Chnirheb, M. Harir, B. Kanawati, A. Fekete, M. El Azzouzi, N. Hertkorn and P. Schmitt-Kopplin, Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 2010, 398 (5), 2325–2334.

- A. Chnirheb, M. Harir, B. Kanawatil, M. El Azzouzi, I. Gebefugil and P. Chmitt-Kopplin, Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2012, 24 (9), 1686–1693.

- Y. Liu, Z. Xu, X. Wu, W. Gui and G. Zhu, Adsorption and desorption behavior of herbicide diuron on various Chinese cultivated soils, J Hazard Mater, 2010, 178, 462-468.

- P. Singh, C. R, Suri and S. S. Cameotra, Isolation of a member of Acinetobacter species involved in atrazine degradation, Biochem Biophys Res. Commun, 2004, 317, 697-702.

- C. Flores, V. Morgante, M. González, R. Navia and M. Seeger, Adsorption studies of the herbicide simazine in agricultural soils of the Aconcagua valley central Chile, J. Chemosphere, 2009, 74(11), 1544-1549.

- C. Wu, S. Zhang, G. Nie, Z. Zhang and J. Wang, Adsorption and desorption of herbicide mono sulfuron-ester in Chinese soils, J. Environ Sci. (China), 2011, 23, 1524-1532.

- S. S. Salih, T. K. Ghosh, Preparation and characterization of bioadsorbent beads for chromium and zinc ions adsorption. Cogent Environmental Science, 2017, 3, 1401577.

- S. S. Salih, T. K. Ghosh, Adsorption of Zn (II) ions by chitosan coated diatomaceous earth. International journal of biological macromolecules, 2018, 106, 602-610.

- S. S. Salih, T. K. Ghosh, Preparation and Characterization of Chitosan-Coated Diatomaceous Earth for Hexavalent Chromium Removal. Environmental Processes, 2018, 5, 23-39

- S. S. Salih, T. K. Ghosh, Highly efficient competitive removal of Pb (II) and Ni (II) by chitosan/diatomaceous earth composite. Journal of environmental chemical engineering, 2018, 6, 435-443.

- R. Kanissery, B. Gairhe, D. Kadyampakeni and M. Kelly, Herbicide - Nutrient Interactions in Soil: A Short Review, Agri Res & Tech:Open Access J, 2018, 15(2), 555951.

- K. El Khattabi, A. Bouhaouss, C. Perrin-Ganier and M Schiavon, Agronomie EDP Sciences, 2004, 24 (4), 177183.

- K. El Khattabi, R. Bchitou, A. Bouhaouss, S. A. Bufo, L. Scrano and M Schiavon, Phys Chem News, 2009,45, 101-106.

- S. Oufqir, M. El Madani, M. Alaoui El Belghiti, A. Zrineh and M. El Azzouzi, J arabjc, 2013, 11, 030.

- S. Azarkan, A. Peña, K. Draoui and C. I. Sainz Díaz, Applied Clay Science, 2016, 123, 37-46.

- D. A. Laird, P. Y. Yen, W. C. Koskinen, T. R. Steinheimer and R. H. Dowdy, Environmental Science & Technology, 1994, 28, 1054-1061.

- Z. Tang, W. Zhang and Y. Chen, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2009,166, 1351-1356.

- Centre d’expertise en analyse environnementale du Québec, Détermination de la granulométrie : méthode gravimétrique par tamis. MA. 100-Gran 1.0, Ministère de l'Environnement du

Québec 1-8(2005).

- Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement. Analyse granulométrique par sédimentation,

Méthode à la pipette sur granulomètre automatique1-28(2004).

- OECD, Guidelines for testing of chemicals, Environment Directorate, Paris, France. Section 1, 2000, (106).

- R. D. Wauchope, S. Yeh, R. Kloskowski, K. Tanaka and B. Rubin, Pesticide Management Science, 2002, 58(5), 419-445.

- L. Alder, K. Greulich, G. Kempe and B. Vieth, Mass Spectr Rev 5, 2006, 838-865.

- A. El Boukili, A. El Bazaoui, A. Soulaymani, R. Soulaymani-Bencheikh, M. Taibi and A. El Hourch, J Mater Environ Sci., 2015, 6 (9), 2386-2391.

- O. Hamdaoui, E. Naffrechoux, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2007, 147, 401-411.

- H. Freundlich, H. Kapillarchemie and Leipzig, Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M B H, 1909, 591pp.

- J. W. Hamaker, J. M. Thompson and Marcel Dekker, Organic Chemicals in the Soil Environment, New York, 1972, 1, 49-144.

- A. C. D. Newman, The specific surface of soils determined by water sorption, J Soil Sci., 1983, 34, 23-32.

- J. M. Bigham, D. C. Golden, S. W. Buol, S. B. Weed and L. H. Bowen, Soil Sci. Soc Am J, 1978, 42, 825- 830.

- D. G. Schulze and U. Schwertmann, Clay Miner, 1984, 19, 521-539.

- C. Feller, E. Schuller, F. Thomas, J. Rouiller and A. J. Herbillon, Soil Sci., 1992, 153, 293-299.

- N. Singh, H. Kloeppel and W. Klein, J. Environ Sci Health B, 2001, 36, 397–407.

- C. Moreau and C. Mouvet, J. Environ Qual., 1997, 24, 416-424.

- C. H. Giles, T. H. MacEwan, S. N. Nakhwa and D. Smith, Journal of the Chemical Society, 1960, 3973-3993.

- M. F. Fernandez-Perez, F. Flores-Cespedes, E. Gonzalez-Pradas, M. Villafranca-Sanches, S. Perez-Garcia and F. J. Garrido-Herrera, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2004, 52, 3888-3893.

- A. Valverde-Garcia, E. Gonzalez-Pradas, M. Villafranca-Sanchez, D. Del Rey-Bueno and A. Garcia- Rodriguez, Soil Science Society of America Journal, 1988, 52, 1571-1574.

- D. K. Sharma, A. Gupta and R. Kashyap, Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry, 2011, 93, 1319-1331.

- G. Limousin, J. P. Gaudet, L. Charlet, S. Szenknect, V. Barthes and M. Krimissa, Applied Geochemistry, 2007, 22, 249-275.

- K. A. Shahzad, R. Naghmana and A. Sundus, Eurasian J Soil Sci., 2016, 5 (1), 1-12.





Analytical Chemistry