Optimization of electrocoagulation operating parameters for COD removal from olive mill wastewater: application of Box-Behnken design


  • Fatima Erraib Research Laboratory of Applied Geophysics, Geotechnics, Engineering Geology and Environment (L3GIE), Ecole Mohammadia d’Ingénieurs B.P 765 Agdal 10100 Rabat, Morocco
  • Khalid El Ass




Box–Behnken response surface design was successfully employed to optimize and study the olive mill wastewater (OMW) treatment by electrocoagulation (EC) process. The influence of four decisive factors were modelled and optimized to increase the removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD). The Box–Behnken design (BBD) results were analyzed and the second-order polynomial model was developed using multiple regression analysis. The model developed from the experimental design was predictive and a good fit with the experimental data with a high coefficient of determination (R2 ) value (more than 0.98). The optimal operating conditions based on Derringer’s desired function methodology are found to be; initial pH of 4.4, a current density of 27.6 mA/cm2 , electrolysis time of 14.1 min, and chloride concentration of 3.2 g/L. Under these conditions, the predicted COD removal efficiency was found to be 67.14% with a desirability value of 0.94. These experimental results were confirmed by validation experiments and proved that Box–Behnken design and response surface methodology could efficiently be applied for modelling of COD removal from OMW.

Author Biography

Khalid El Ass

Environmental Metrology Laboratory (EML), Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Rabat (ENSMR), BP: 753 Agdal-Rabat, Morocco


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Environmental Chemistry