Synthesis and characterization of aluminum-based adsorbent and application in fluoride removal from aqueous solution

Authors

  • Jihane Assaoui Chouaïb Doukkali University, Faculty of Science, Water and Environment Team, Laboratory “Biomaterials and Electrochemistry”,El Jadida, Morocco
  • Zineb Hatim Chouaïb Doukkali University, Faculty of Science, Water and Environment Team, Laboratory “Biomaterials and Electrochemistry”,El Jadida, Morocco
  • Abdelmoula Kheribeche Chouaïb Doukkali University, Faculty of Science, Water and Environment Team, Laboratory “Biomaterials and Electrochemistry”,El Jadida, Morocco

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.13171/mjc101020291172ja

Abstract

A novel adsorbent was obtained by a facile precipitation method and was used for fluoride removal from aqueous solution. Mineralogical and physicochemical characterization of the adsorbent was carried out by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF), Energy Dispersive X-Ray attached to Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM-EDX), BET Specific Surface Area(SSAN2BET) analysis and Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectrometry (FTIR). The effect of various operational parameters such as contact time, initial fluoride concentration, (20-160 mg L-1) adsorbent dose (1-6 g L-1) and initial pH solution (3-11) was evaluated in batch procedures at room temperature (25±2°C). The results of the batch adsorption experiments proved that 24 h of contact time was sufficient for attaining equilibrium. The maximum wastewater defluoridation (84.91%) was obtained for 40 mg L-1 and 3 g L-1 of initial fluoride concentration and adsorbent dose, respectively. It appears that there was no significant effect on the F- removal over a wide range of pH 3-11. Kinetic studies revealed that fluoride adsorption fitted well to pseudo-second-order. The adsorption isotherm of fluoride sorption indicated that the maximum adsorption capacity was noted to be 43.29 mg g-1. Batch adsorption data was better described by Langmuir isotherm confirming monolayer adsorption with homogenous distribution of active sites and without interaction between adsorbed molecules. The obtained results indicated that the ion exchange is probably the main mechanism involved in the F- adsorption by the aluminium-based adsorbent.

Author Biographies

Jihane Assaoui, Chouaïb Doukkali University, Faculty of Science, Water and Environment Team, Laboratory “Biomaterials and Electrochemistry”,El Jadida, Morocco

Dr in departement chemistry and application, Water and Environment Team, Laboratory “Biomaterials and Electrochemistry”

Zineb Hatim, Chouaïb Doukkali University, Faculty of Science, Water and Environment Team, Laboratory “Biomaterials and Electrochemistry”,El Jadida, Morocco

Pr in departement chemistry and application, Water and Environment Team, Laboratory “Biomaterials and Electrochemistry”

Abdelmoula Kheribeche, Chouaïb Doukkali University, Faculty of Science, Water and Environment Team, Laboratory “Biomaterials and Electrochemistry”,El Jadida, Morocco

Pr in departement chemistry and application, Water and Environment Team, Laboratory “Biomaterials and Electrochemistry”

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Published

2020-01-29

Issue

Section

Environmental Chemistry