Phenolic composition and antioxidant potential of different solvent extracts of the endemic Origanum elongatum (Bonnet) Emberger& Maire


  • Imane Tagnaout Univeristy moulay ismail gaculty of sciences
  • Hannou Zerkani Department of chemistry, bioactive molecules and environment, Moulay Ismail University, Faculty of sciences Meknes, CP 50000, Morocco, BP 11201, Zitoune, Meknes-Morocco
  • Sanae Amine Department of chemistry, bioactive molecules and environment, Moulay Ismail University, Faculty of sciences Meknes, CP 50000, Morocco, BP 11201, Zitoune, Meknes-Morocco
  • Kamal Fadili 1: Department of chemistry, bioactive molecules and environment, Moulay Ismail University, Faculty of sciences Meknes, CP 50000, Morocco, BP 11201, Zitoune, Meknes-Morocco
  • Nadia Benhlima 1: Department of chemistry, bioactive molecules and environment, Moulay Ismail University, Faculty of sciences Meknes, CP 50000, Morocco, BP 11201, Zitoune, Meknes-Morocco
  • Amal Bouzoubaa : Department of chemistry, bioactive molecules and environment, Moulay Ismail University, Faculty of sciences Meknes, CP 50000, Morocco, BP 11201, Zitoune, Meknes-Morocco
  • Touriya Zair 1: Department of chemistry, bioactive molecules and environment, Moulay Ismail University, Faculty of sciences Meknes, CP 50000, Morocco, BP 11201, Zitoune, Meknes-Morocco



Plants of the Lamiaceae family are widely used for medicinal, cosmetic and culinary purposes. Phenolic compounds such as flavonoids and tannins are the main constituents of these plants; they have a proven multidirectional biological activity. Polyphenols have exceptional antioxidant potential, and they can intervene in the prevention of many health disorders. This work aims to study the composition and antioxidant power of phenolic compounds from crude extracts and fractions of Origanum elongatum leaves. This specie was subjected to phytochemical study through precipitation, turbidity and coloring reactions to highlight their secondary metabolites qualitative composition. Polyphenolic extraction was made by Soxhlet using two solvents: methanol 70%, ethanol 70%. Then, methanol’s crude was fractionated with solvents having escalating polarity; ethyl acetate, n-butanol. The polyphenols and flavonoids contents were spectrophotometrically estimated using Folin-Ciocalteau and Aluminum Trichloride methods. The antioxidant power of crude and fractionated extracts was evaluated by diphenyl-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH●) and iron (FRAP) tests. The screening tests showed the existence of polyphenols, mucilages, sterols and triterpenes, oses and holosides. The highest yield of extraction is obtained by 70% methanol, with an average of 32.29%. Quantitative assays indicated that the hydroethanolic extract and the ethyl acetate fraction possessed high amount of polyphenols and flavonoids compared with other fractions and subsequently exhibited a marked scavenging activity on DPPH radical (IC50 = 0,085±0,002 and 0,112±0,003 mg/ml, respectively) and high reductive ability on ferric ion assay with IC50 = 0,181±0,004 mg/ml, 0,291±0,005 mg/ml, respectively.


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Medicinal Chemistry